Handmade Picks for the Unique Musician
P&L HOME WOOD PICKS BONE PICKS HORN PICKS DEALS MORE PICKS CONTACT FEEDBACK
Little Chordfinder
A add9



P&L SHOP HOW TO ORDER GUITAR HEROES GUITAR LESSONS THEORY VIDEOS EXERCISES GUITARPRO FILES GLOSSARY LINKS SOFTWARE METRONOME CHORD FINDER TUNER SLOW DOWNER BACK UP BAND RECORDING GEAR AMPS GUITARS EFFECTS ACCESSORIES BOOKS & VIDS
   
Guitar Pro: a complete workshop for guitarists at an affordable price

 

 

Music Library X-Y-ZMusic Library WMusic Library VMusic Library UMusic Library TMusic Library SMusic Library RMusic Library QMusic Library PMusic Library OMusic Library NMusic Library MMusic Library LMusic Library KMusic Library JMusic Library IMusic Library HMusic Library GMusic Library FMusic Library EMusic Library DMusic Library CMusic Library B Music Library A


Custom Search

 

 

 

R

raga  Melodic pattern used in music of India; prescribes pitches, patterns, ornamentation and extramusical associations such as time of performance and emotional character.

ragtime  Late nineteenth century piano style created by African-Americans, characterized by highly syncopated melodies; also played in ensemble arrangements. Contributed to early jazz styles.

range  Distance between the lowest and highest tones of a melody, an instrument or a voice. This span can be generally described as narrow, medium or wide in range.

rap  Subgenre of rock in which rhymed lyrics are spoken over rhythm tracks; developed by African-Americans in the 1970s and widely disseminated in the 1980s and 1990s.

rebec  Medieval bowed-string instrument, often with a pear-shaped body.

recapitulation  Third section of sonata-allegro form, in which the thematic material of the exposition is restated, generally in the tonic. Also restatement.

recitative  Solo vocal declamation that follows the inflections of the text, often resulting in a disjunct vocal style; found in opera, cantata, and oratorio.

recorder  End-blown woodwind instrument with a whistle mouthpiece, generally associated with early music.

reed  Flexible strip of cane or metal set into a mouthpiece or the body of an instrument; set in vibration by a stream of air.

reel  Moderately quick dance in duple meter danced throughout the British Isles; the most popular Irish traditional dance type.

refrain  Text or music that is repeated within a larger form.

regal  Small medieval reed organ.

reggae  Jamaican popular music style characterized by offbeat rhythms and chanted vocals over a strong bass part; often associated with the Christian religious movement Rastafarianism.

register  Specific area in the range of an instrument or voice.

registration  Selection or combination of stops in a work for organ or harpsichord.

relative key  The major and minor key that share the same key signature; for example, D minor is the relative minor of F major, both having one flat.

repeat sign  Musical symbol that indicates repetition of a passage in a composition.  repeat sign

repetition  Within a form, repetition fixes the musical material in our mind and satisfies our need for the familiar; it provides unity to a form.

Requiem Mass  Roman Catholic Mass for the Dead.

resolution  Conclusion of a musical idea, as in the progression from an active chord to a rest chord.

response  Short choral answer to a solo verse; an element of liturgical dialogue.

responsorial singing  Singing, especially in Gregorian chant, in which a soloist or a group of soloists alternates with the choir. See also call and response.

restatement  See recapitulation.

retrograde  Backward statement of melody.

retrograde inversion  Mirror image and backward statement of a melody.

rhythm  The controlled movement of music in time.

rhythm and blues  Popular African-American music style of the 1940s through 1960s featuring a solo singer accompanied by a small instrumental ensemble (piano, guitar, acoustic bass, drums, tenor saxophone), driving rhythms, and blues and pop song forms.

ring shout  Religious dance performed by African-American slaves, performed with hand clapping and a shuffle step to spirituals.

ripieno  The larger of the two ensembles in the Baroque concerto grosso. Also tutti.

ritornando  Holding back, getting slower.

ritornello  A short recurring passage that unifies an instrumental or vocal work.

rock and roll  American popular music style first heard in the 1950s; derived from the union of African-American rhythm and blues, country-western, and pop music.

rock band  Popular music ensemble that depends on amplified strings, percussion, and electronically generated sounds.

romance  Originally a ballad; in the Romantic era, a lyric instrumental work.

ronde  Lively Renaissance "round dance", associated with the outdoors, in which the participants danced in a circle or a line.

rondeau  Medieval and Renaissance fixed poetic form and chanson type with courtly love texts.

rondo  Musical form in which the first section recurs, usually in the tonic. In the Classical sonata cycle, it appears as the last movement in various forms, including A-B-A-B-A, A-B-A-C-A, and A-B-A-C-A-B-A.

roneat-ek  Cambodian xylophone with 21 tuned wooden keys.

rosin  Substance made from hardened tree sap, rubbed on the hair of a bow to help it grip the strings.

round  Perpetual canon at the unison in which each voice enters in succession with the same melody (for example, "Row, Row, Row Your Boat").

rounded binary  Compositional form with two sections, in which the second ends with a return to material from the first; each section is usually repeated.

rubato  "Borrowed time", common in Romantic music, in which the performer hesitates here or hurries forward there, imparting flexibility to the written note values. Also tempo rubato.

rumba  Latin-American dance of Afro-Cuban origin, in duple meter with syncopated rhythms.

rural blues  American popular singing style with raspy-voiced male singer accompanied by acoustic steel-string guitar; features melodic >A HREF="b.html#bluenote">blue notes over repeated bass patterns.